July 1, 2003 Judge Peggy Gehl Regular News Nonlawyer judge rules in Holmes County for 25 years Broward CountyThe Conference of County Court Judges is proud to celebrate the 25th anniversary of service of Holmes County Judge Robert Earl Brown, a disappearing breed of Florida’s nonattorney judges serving the citizens of the 14th Judicial Circuit.Our Florida judicial history would be deficient of its richness and color without the inclusion of the original 34 nonattorney judges grandfathered in at the implementation of Article V in 1973. In 1972, an amendment to Article V established our present two-tier trial court system, providing that all judges must be attorneys except county judges in counties with populations less than 40,000. This small-county exception to the requirement of law school graduation and Bar admission was later removed totally by the legislature. Some may not even know that these dedicated public servants filled a judicial void for decades in small counties where there were no lawyers who wanted to dedicate their careers to judicial service; or possibly, in some small counties, no lawyers resided at all.The Great Depression was in full swing in 1932 in the land of cotton, peanuts, hogs, and corn, when Robert Earl Brown was born in tiny Caryville to Mr. and Mrs. Jessie Ross Brown. Both his parents were Florida natives, but both sets of grandparents migrated to Florida from South Carolina via Alabama and Georgia in the late 1800s. Less than 20 miles south of the Alabama border, Caryville, with a population less than 1,000, was a tiny log and sawmill town where steamboats carried cotton up the Choctawhatchee River to the cotton gin in Geneva, Alabama, only a few miles north of Florida’s border. Barges floated logs to the sawmills. There were two doctors in the tiny town, along with a telephone/telegraph company, a hotel, a grocery, and one school, Holmes County High School, housing all 12 grades. Before serving as sheriff of Holmes County, Jessie Brown was the engineer for the log train for 30 years. Upon retirement, Brown moved his family just 15 miles northeast to tiny Bonifay, where he helped his brother, Lon, then the Holmes County sheriff, in law enforcement. After eight years, Jessie Brown ran for the office of sheriff himself and was elected.Eight years later, when little Bobby was in the third grade, his mother was diagnosed with cancer. The three small Brown children moved with their mother to Tampa where she could receive the most advanced treatment of the day in 1940. After a year, it became difficult for her to care for the children while undergoing this rigorous treatment. The decision was made to return the children to Bonifay where Sheriff Brown, assisted in the motherly chores by his 12-year-old daughter, raised the family in an apartment in the jail. Delightfully, two years later his mother returned home cured.Early law enforcement experiences with his family—his father, his uncle, his grandfather, and his great grandfather, ignited Judge Brown’s keen interest in running for sheriff. When he was in his early 20s, he ran for Holmes County sheriff but was defeated. The citizens felt he was too young. However, his love and support of law enforcement did not end there. Judge Brown completed the 320-hour Florida Police Standards training course required by the state, and recently retired as a lieutenant with more than 30 years of faithful, dedicated service to the Florida Highway Patrol Auxiliary, with honors.After his political defeat for sheriff, and for the next 20 years, (excepting four years in the Navy during the Korean War), Judge Brown worked in his family-owned business, Brown Packing House Meat, a meat processing company, and Brown Ice Company, while he and his wife, raised their family. In the early ’70s, a close friend, Cletus Andrews, talked him into running for judge. He was elected in 1972 by defeating the incumbent, Judge Louis K. Hutchinson.“I ran and I won. That did it.I knew I wanted to be a judge forever,” Judge Brown said.But Judge Hutchinson was not quite finished with his judicial career, and vied to regain his judicial seat. He successfully defeated Judge Brown in the 1975 election, only to die in office in 1981. Judge Brown had experienced the love and satisfaction which comes from public service, and took advantage of this unexpected vacancy. He ran against and defeated an attorney, Harvey Besler, in 1982, and has been re-elected every term since.“I’ve spent a lifetime working and raising a family right here in Holmes County,” he said. “I love Holmes County and I want to continue working for the people here.”Pursuant to mandate by the Florida Supreme Court, all nonattorney judges were required to complete judicial training at the University of Florida College of Law. The three-year course contained the same curriculum as a law degree. Until completed, judges were required to attend classes in Gainesville all summer plus one week per month, in addition to preparing and studying at home between each class session. Judge Brown completed his legal training at the University of Florida and followed it with a National College State Judiciary course at the University of Nevada in 1977.Complimenting the nonattorney judges as students, UF College of Law Professor Walter Weyrauch wrote then Florida Chief Judge Ben Overton in 1977: “Teaching the nonlawyer county judges was an extraordinary and refreshing experience. They were colorful persons who demand and deserve respect. The class discussions were intense and in many respects different and perhaps superior to what I am used to from law students. They also had a vivid interest in the matters under discussion, and did not display any of the signs of boredom familiar to any law teacher in the U.S. who teaches second- and third-year students.”The professor added: “[T]he experience was stimulating and forced me to re-examine some of the preconceptions I had about the participation of nonlawyer judges in legal processes. Perhaps it should be remembered in this context that our founding fathers, in so far as they were lawyers, had only “read the law” according to Blackstone, or, as Thomas Jefferson and Chief Justice John Marshall of the United States Supreme Court, had taken a few months classes of law under George Wythe at William and Mary, the only college in the country at that time where any law was taught. There were no bar examinations. Yet the opinions of Mr. Chief Justice Marshall, in depth of legal analysis and lasting significance, easily outdistance much of contemporary legal writing. Nobody could seriously contend that the early American lawyers were less qualified than contemporary lawyers, or even our county judges after their special training, because they had no law degrees and bar examinations.”Judge Brown will shortly retire from the bench he has served so well the past two-plus decades. He and his wife, Ada Clara, an accomplished instructor of marketing and business management at Washington-Holmes Technical College in Chipley, share a wonderful marriage, eight children, 17 grandchildren, and five great grandchildren. They enjoy their time together fishing, swimming, walking, dancing, and vacations at their cabin in North Carolina.“In the 29 years I have taught, my main goal has been to help at least one person to become a better person and to gain employment in a profession they enjoy,” Mrs. Brown recently said. The recipient of the Teacher of the Year Award, the Washington County Teacher of the Year, and the Florida Marketing Educator of the Year, finds her true blessings in the names of her children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren.The Browns are active in their church, the First Baptist Church in Bonifay, and as Judge Brown declares: “I enjoy spending time with my wonderful wife. We both love the Lord and try to spread this love through this huge family of ours.”There are only four remaining nonattorney judges serving Florida constituents today, and two of them serve in the 14th Judicial Circuit. Judge Brown, along with Judge Woody Hatcher of Jackson County, are the lone survivors in this large circuit made up of six counties. Judge Wetzel Blair in the Third Judicial Circuit represents Madison County, and Judge Colie Nichols in the First Judicial Circuit represents Santa Rosa County.The Conference of County Court Judges has enjoyed the service of Judge Brown as the circuit representative of the 14th Judicial Circuit on the board of directors the past 13 years. In the County Courts
As a result, schools would rush through their selection process to find anyone who could replace their outgoing teachers, neglecting their selection criteria and perhaps sacrificing quality in terms of the incoming teacher.“We have [a saying] that ‘if a goat holds a bachelor’s degree, then the goat might as well teach’,” said Ramli.The policy to cancel the civil service exams also means that nonformal teachers would be denied the opportunity to advance to civil service status, which has a higher salary scale. At least 60 percent of all teachers in Indonesia were nonformal teachers paid by honorarium, Ramli said. Meanwhile, the preliminary results of an ongoing IGI survey found that 80 percent of all nonformal teachers it polled earned less than Rp 1 million (US$69.5) per month.Indonesia’s civil service system recruits both formal and contract teachers, and requires all teacher candidates to pass the civil service exam. Other aspiring teachers are informally recruited by individual schools as nonformal teachers who are paid by honorarium. Ramli’s warnings follow last week’s announcement from Administrative and Bureaucratic Reform Minister Tjahjo Kumolo.Tjahjo announced on July 6 that the government had canceled the civil servant recruitment program for this year and next due to a delay in the final process of the 2019 recruitment program, which he attributed to the COVID-19 health crisis.Read also: Civil servant recruitment for 2020 and 2021 canceled due to COVID-19, minister saysTeguh Widjinarko, the reform ministry’s acting undersecretary for state human resources, said on July 14 that while no new civil servants would be recruited this year, including teachers, the government planned to resume the selection program for contract teachers next year.He added that the ministry also planned to collaborate with the health and the education ministries to hold “coaching clinics” for local administrations to manage state employees.“We are responding to the concerns of stakeholders, in this case the [regions], the Education and Culture Ministry and the public, with good planning right from the outset,” said Teguh.While praising the planned initiatives, IGI’s Ramli also cautioned the government’s “halfhearted” stance on teacher recruitment, warning that poor recruitment had resulted in many current teachers who were teaching subjects in which they lacked expertise.He pointed to poor regularity clarity for the shoddy recruitment process, low wages for the lack of professionalism among nonformal teachers, and teacher training institutions (LPTKs) for producing substandard teachers.Ramli recalled a recent teacher recruitment held at his school in Makassar, South Sulawesi, during which only two out of 12 teacher candidates for English-language classes had demonstrated fluency in the language.“No matter how good the curriculum or the facilities may be, the quality of the education that the students receive will be poor if the teachers are not good at teaching,” Ramli said. He stressed that Indonesia could lag behind other countries in education if it did not reform its teacher recruitment system.Read also: Spotlight on teachers as Indonesian student competence worsensThe 2019 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) survey found a declining trend among Indonesian students in reading, mathematics and science skills, with the country ranking below Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam and Thailand.Meanwhile, the SMERU Research Institute published on June 29 a working paper indicating that the country was still struggling to improve the quality of its teachers because of institutional, political economy and social obstacles in recruitment.The paper revealed, for instance, the muddled delegation of tasks between the relevant ministries and the centralized recruitment system. This had resulted in ideas raised at interministerial discussions playing a greater role in teacher recruitment than the input from local administrations, all the while stakeholders pursued their own interests over educational goals.It also said that inequality between formal and nonformal teachers, as well as systemic bias for seniority over merit, had discouraged teachers from developing their professional skills and instead encouraged them to pursue civil servant status as a career goal.Read also: Nadiem’s reforms, up to teachers nowThe SMERU paper recommended limiting the term of contract teachers to identify the best qualified and most passionate candidates for the job.It also advised the government to address the absence of a state-level teacher management institution. Further, the government should develop mechanisms to stimulate public demand for high-quality teachers, instead of creating new laws to discourage politicking.“The key to improving education performance starts with improving the stock of the country’s teachers,” said the paper’s authors, who reviewed legal documents, conducted in-depth interviews and held focus group discussions.Topics : Indonesia could see a decline in the quality of new teachers, as the government’s recent cancellation of civil service entrance exams could result in a haphazard recruitment process, a teachers’ union has warned.Indonesian Teachers Association (IGI) chairman Muhammad Ramli Rahim said that the new policy would affect schools, which would struggle to replace outgoing teachers who retired or left for a different job.IGI data shows that over 544,000 civil servant teachers will be retiring in the next four years, while around 226,000 teachers had retired in 2017-2020.
The Burleigh Heads home was built on a narrow block.Architect Paul Uhlmann designed the three-level home.The timber property has ocean views from every level, and a special feature on each deck including a firepit, outdoor tub and pool. Each deck has a special feature.Ed Cherry of Sophie Carter Exclusive Properties is marketing the property through an expressions of interest campaign and said there was an offer on the table for Ms Naumoski to swap her Gold Coast residence for a Whitsundays property. The residence is designed to look like it’s floating out of the cliff.“I saw the block 18 months ago when I was hunting for a place to build my dream home,” the mother-of-two told the Gold Coast Bulletin when she showcased the property in August.More from news02:37Purchasers snap up every residence in the $40 million Siarn Palm Beach North1 hour ago02:37International architect Desmond Brooks selling luxury beach villa21 hours agoThe narrow block was previously home to a blue fibro shack; it took eight months for Gold Coast builder Nick McDonald’s team to construct the palatial stilt structure in its place. 45 Hill Ave, Burleigh Heads is on the market.THE owner of the Gold Coast’s first ‘floating house’ has knocked back an offer to swap her Burleigh Heads property for one in the Whitsundays.Cleverly designed to seemingly float out of the cliff, the “dream” property at 45 Hill Ave was built for Rosetta Naumoski, who bought the 405sq m block for $879,000. Homeowner Rose Naumoski at her spectacular Burleigh Heads home with builder Nick McDonald. Picture Glenn Hampson Would you swap a home on the Gold Coast for one here?“There were two offers presented, the other was for a normal sale from a yacht broker from Monaco,” Mr Cherry said.“But the property is definitely back on the market.”
Sixteen Marines in Southern California were arrested Thursday and are facing charges for various crimes.The accused Marines were arrested at Camp Pendleton during Battalion formation.The Marines are facing charges related to their alleged involvement in various illegal activities ranging from human smuggling to drug-related offenses.Officials say information from a previous human smuggling investigation led to the arrests.” The 1st Marine Division is committed to justice and the rule of law, and will continue to fully cooperate with Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS) on this matter,” officials said in a statement. “Any Marines found to be in connection with these alleged activities will be questioned and handled accordingly with respect to due process.”Officials did not identify the accused Marines nor disclose any additional information.None of the Marines were serving on the U.S.-Mexico border.
DES MOINES — A state agency will take “additional steps” to enforce social distancing in Iowa bars and restaurants and that includes shutting a business down for violations.The announcement from the Iowa Alcoholic Beverages Division includes a warning from its director that businesses need to help mitigate the spread of COVID-19 and bars and restaurants that choose not to will face consequences.Businesses are to provide six-feet of social distancing between customers’ tables and patrons cannot roam, but must be seated to be served. A bar or restaurant that serves liquor faces a $1000 fine on a first offense; a business that just serves food will first get a warning. On a third offense, the state will revoke the operating license for the bar or restaurant.
Nishat Fatima/ Fashion WriterSUIT UPLadies, it’s time to get a suit. You can decide whether you want a skirt suit or a pantsuit, or both. Pant suits range from Gucci’s acid green one reminiscent of the 70s and Studio 54 to tailored tuxedos at Givenchy and pajama influenced ones at,Nishat Fatima/ Fashion WriterSUIT UPLadies, it’s time to get a suit. You can decide whether you want a skirt suit or a pantsuit, or both. Pant suits range from Gucci’s acid green one reminiscent of the 70s and Studio 54 to tailored tuxedos at Givenchy and pajama influenced ones at Dolce & Gabbana. For skirt suits turn to Chanel, which showed prim pretty period looks or to Prada which was all about boxy jackets with skirts.VINTAGE MAXIMALISMThe trend to love, because come on, where else will you find kaleidoscopic colour, ornate details and a dash of eccentricity. It’s typified by a dress in pink and purple edged with black lace, with dashes of sequins and an flaming orange embroidered parrot that frames the neck and waist (Gucci). Valentino, Dries Van Noten, Oscar de la Renta, Marc Jacobs, Erdem all did it too. They gave us lame and brocade, beaded, bejewelled, fringed, heavy metals like gold and silver, and print on print to make this one of the biggest trends this season.BOLD STRIPESSpring summer is usually all about the flowers but not this year. This year, the print to own is a big, bold, colourful all-over stripe. Think juicy hues of red, green or yellow. Its avatars range from the nautical at Ralph Lauren Collection to the girly at Chloe or the Eighties print at Ferragamo or Stella McCartney.THE SHAPES TO COMEThe three to remember for summer are rounded, sculptural shoulders, oversized trousers, and architectural heels. Sleeves are big and poufy, whether at the shoulder with Victorian leg of mutton sleeves (J.W. Anderson) or at the wrist (Erdem) and cap sleeves have swollen up to thrice their size (Simone Rocha). Pants are wide legged and slouchy, either tailored with pleats and a paperbag waist or low slung and pajama-like (Celine, Michael Kors, Chanel). As for footwear, the action lies in the heel, whether it’s a curved block heel (Rodarte), stalagmite-like lucite heels at Diane Von Furstenberg or circle of wood (Chalayan).advertisementSLIP DRESSESWhat’s little, silky, and hasn’t been seen since the 90s? You’re right it’s the slip dress. And good god, there’s no getting away from it now. The roll call of brands who have shown it include Calvin Klein collection, Burberry Prorsum, Alexander Wang, Balenciaga, Saint Laurent, Haider Ackermann. It’s the dress of the season and it looks right when you’re asked whether you’ve just rolled out of bed.FLAMENCOIt’s red, black and white, and comes full of ruffles and frills and smocking. The trend is latina and includes all manner of flamenco skirts, tiers of chiffon, and off the shoulder tops. Proenza Schouler, Roberto Cavalli, Oscar de la Renta, Alexander McQueen, MiuMiu, Fendi, Balmain, all had them, and you know you want it too.Menswear trendsBOTANICAL SUITSOf course, there were sober three-piece flannel suits but what designers seemed to enjoy doing the most were opulently printed suits covered in vines and fruit on a canvas of bright jewel tones. Gucci was the leader of the pack, but Dolce & Gabbana and Saint Laurent were close contenders. Hermes and Dior Homme showed more muted versions. Ranveer Singh will no doubt wear one. Will you?LACESilk next to your skin? Forget it, it’s passe. What you need this season is lace. When the most British of designers, Burberry sends over 40 shirts and T-shirts in lace you know you have to give it a go. Either flaunt it with a swoonworthy chest, or more practically, let a hint of it peep out from under your jacket.BOWLING SHIRTThis is as retro as you can get. You last saw it on Cary Grant and Dilip Kumar, but this season you could sport it as well. Think 50s silhouette with elbow length sleeves, rolled up to show the forearm, paired with tapered trousers. Look to Lanvin, Raf Simons, Dries Van Noten, Louis Vuitton for inspiration.BAGGY TROUSERSThe 90s that were such a huge influence for the womenswear shows are flexing their muscle in menswear as well. One of the key pieces to make an appearance are slouchy, baggy trousers. They were everywhere from Ermenegildo Zegna, to Giorgio Armani, Fendi and Lanvin. If you’re buying a suit now, make sure the trousers are cut loose and wide.SOCKS AND SANDALSNo, these are not the floaters and sandals of your (misguided) youth, but the socks and sandals of, well, old age. All over the Milan shows, the combination of socks and sandals looked like it was set to be the new street style essential. It was paired with everything from formal trousers to anoraks and jogging pants.advertisementGO GREENIt’s wild, but brands like Canali, Emporio Armani, and Kenzo will have you inject some colour into your wardrobe. No, not your usual neutral green but emerald green, moss green, powdery green, and oh well, yes, some olive and even a camouflage green. Try it head to toe; it’s a call to go wild.