160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! WASHINGTON – The Army took initial steps Monday to expel dozens of reservists who failed to report for active duty, in effect warning hundreds of others that they too could be penalized if they don’t heed orders to return to active service. The proceedings mark a turning point in the Army’s struggle to deploy thousands of soldiers from the Individual Ready Reserve, a rarely mobilized group of reservists, to war zones in which some have resisted serving. These are soldiers who had previously served on active duty but had not completed their eight-year service obligation. Unlike those in the National Guard or Army Reserve, they are not required to stay in training. Many have requested a delay in returning to service, have asked to be exempted or have ignored their orders. The Army began mobilizing them in the summer of 2004, reflecting the enormous strain it felt in providing enough soldiers for Iraq at a time when it was becoming apparent that no early withdrawal was likely. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREGift Box shows no rust in San Antonio Stakes win at Santa Anita Since mid-2004, more than 5,700 IRR soldiers have been issued mobilization orders, while an additional 1,600 were excused from duty. Of those soldiers who were sent orders, 3,954 reported for duty as of Dec. 11, while at least 1,283 others have asked for a delay or are in some stage of negotiations as to their call-up, the Army said. There are 463 IRR soldiers, who had been sent orders but have not reported, including 80 who now face discharge and 383 who have yet to be located. The Army announced that the 80 soldiers will face review panels, known as separation boards, although the number could grow if more are located. If the panels conclude that they intentionally did not obey a mobilization order, they would face one of three levels of discharge from the service: honorable, general or other-than-honorable. They do not face criminal charges.
Human milk banking, like wet nursing, has been around for years. But in modern times with the rise of HIV, precautions are necessary. The South African Breastmilk Reserve allows babies to be fed with breast milk when their mothers are unable to do so. It helps to reduce the risk of mother-to-child HIV transmission, and other infections in premature babies. Stasha Jordan started the South African Breastmilk Reserve to ensure infants born to HIV-positive mothers can be fed breast milk. The bank also helps other infants in need. (Image: Priya Pitamber)• Active citizenship in South Africa at a healthy level• Research backs up South Africa’s good story• Sandton goes car-free for a month• South Africa’s women in politics• Social enterprises set up to change lives Priya PitamberFollowing the birth of her first child, coupled with research for her Masters in public policy and policy guidelines on the feeding of babies born to HIV-positive mothers, Stasha Jordan was inspired to create the South African Breastmilk Reserve (SABR).“We saw that mixed feeding – formula and breast milk – could increase the escalation of infection,” she said. “A human milk bank works better. It prevents the mixed feeding of HIV-exposed infants.”She said she found the opportunity to make a difference for humanity.This is in line with South Africa’s health goals as set out in the National Development Plan of reducing maternal, infant and child mortality from 56 to below 30 per 1 000 live births, and reducing mother-to-child HIV transmission to zero by 2030.How human milk banking worksHealthy mothers are encouraged to voluntarily donate breast milk. The donated milk is then pasteurised. In Johannesburg, it is kept in nine deep freezer units at the SABR offices at Media Mills. So far, 44 human milk banks have been set up at hospitals across the country.“In South Africa, where so many women are HIV-positive, sourcing donor mothers has even more importance than in the western world,” states the SABR website.“Without breast milk during their first two weeks of life, premature infants (especially those with a low birth weight) are left wanting for antibodies and are vulnerable to infections and diseases that result in hundreds of deaths annually.”Ruzelle Enslin, a 28-year-old human resources and payroll administrator, started donating breast milk in March this year. She said her 15-month-old son no longer drank expressed milk, so she wanted to donate it. “Other babies can benefit,” she explained.She now donates two to three litres every second week. “I put a donor number on the bottle and the date. The courier picks it up,” Enslin said. “I’ll continue to do it for as long as possible.”Some breast milk is collected at the donors, says SABR, “other times we might need you to meet us half way or pop into a milk bank or collection corner”.There is no monetary gain for donors. “Two-thirds of the breast milk received by Netcare hospitals is donated to state facilities,” reads the website. “Public patients receive the milk free of charge while private patients pay R250 per week of feeding.”Benefits of breast milkHuman milk banking has other advantages for babies other than reducing the exposure to HIV. It helps premature babies get the nutrition they need to grow, and helps to reduce the risk of infections of the gut.An SABR breast milk bank was set up at Cecelia Makiwane Hospital in Mdantsane in Eastern Cape in November 2014 by nursing sister Nobathembu Mafanya and registered dietician Kim Venter. “Feeding artificial milk to premature and low birth weight infants increases their risk for developing life threatening intestinal diseases like necrotising enterocolitis (NEC),” said Venter. “It can be avoided if a baby receives breast milk.”Feeding artificial milk to premature infants is directly associated with NEC, an infection of the intestine, says the SABR. NEC results in infant mortality rates exceeding 80%. Breastfeeding has benefits for mothers and their babies. Click on the image for a larger view. (Image: SABR)Quasim Aham, 34, used the SABR service because his baby was born at 33 weeks and his wife had an infection in her blood. She was unable to breastfeed their newborn.The Ahams used breast milk donated by his niece. “It’s been very beneficial,” he said.Posted by South-African Breastmilk Reserve on Monday, October 12, 2015Challenges and rewardsSince the SABR was formally registered in 2005, Jordan said it had had its fair share of challenges and highlights. “It’s a non-profit organisation so a challenge is to find funding,” she explained. “We also had to establish a new industry – human milk banking – and find a market for it.”But she had noticed it had had a growing impact. “The SABR runs 44 milk banks across the country and is expanding fast: last year it fed 1 689 babies, while this year it got to more than 2 800,” noted British newspaper The Guardian. The SABR has expanded its footprint and has increased the numbers of hospitals it services. (Image: SABR)“We have touched the lives of infants,” concluded Jordan.If you are interested in becoming a donor, or are in need of its services, see the SABR website.
SharePrint RelatedMitten im Pott – Geocache of the WeekAugust 22, 2018In “Community””Down the Rabbit Hole” GCXQ5C GEOCACHE OF THE WEEK – December 28, 2010December 27, 2010In “Community”Visit Geocaching HQOctober 28, 2019In “Community” Virtual CacheGCA4BCby bazzle Welcome to Mill Ends Park in Portland, OregonGeocaches come in all styles, types, shapes, and sizes. But did you ever stop to think about the area around geocaches? They can vary greatly too. This Geocache of the Week is a Virtual Cache located in a city park, but with a twist. After all, it’s the little things that count. This Geocache of the Week is a Virtual Cache located in a city park, but with a twistWelcome to Mill Ends Park in Portland, Oregon. The official city park is a small circle 2 feet (0.6 meters) across, with a total area of 450 sq inches (0.3 sq meters). That makes this the smallest park in the world according to the Guinness Book of World Records.The park is located in the center of a busy parkwayThe park is located in the center of a busy parkway so logging this Virtual Cache doesn’t take much besides answering a couple of easy questions and carefully following crosswalk signs. But once you’re there, you must make sure to stop and smell the… flower?The only leprechaun colony west of IrelandOriginally, the plans were to install a light pole on the spot but it never arrived. In 1948, a local newspaperman planted flowers in the hole and named it after his column “Mill Ends,” a lumber mill reference. It became an official city park on St. Patrick’s Day in 1976 as “the only leprechaun colony west of Ireland.”Past decorations have included a swimming pool, Easter egg hunt, Ferris wheel, zoo, dinosaur exhibit, and of course holiday decorOver the years the park has showcased many types of landscaping including miniature evergreens, shrubbery, perennials, cacti, and tropical flora. The landscaping is enhanced even more when local decorators indulge. Past decorations have included a swimming pool, Easter egg hunt, Ferris wheel, zoo, dinosaur exhibit, and of course holiday decor.So geocachers, look right around you. You never know where you may find a clever little geocache.Continue to explore some of the most amazing geocaches around the world.Check out all of the Geocaches of the Week on the Geocaching blog. If you would like to nominate a Geocache of the Week, fill out this form.Share with your Friends:More Difficulty:1.5Terrain:1 Location:Oregon, United StatesN 45° 31.064 W 122° 40.406
For a “sophisticated and global” Bengaluru, the Supreme Court admittedly digressed from the iron rule of the National Water Policy that places outside a river basin should not enjoy the water from the river. Allocating Karnataka 4.75 TMC water from Tamil Nadu’s share for use in Bengaluru, a three-judge Bench led by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra reasoned that Bengaluru deserves a leeway.The apex court said Bengaluru’s “exclusive attributes” make it “incomparable in many ways not only to other urban areas in the State, but also beyond”.‘Nerve centre of significance’“The city of Bengaluru has burgeoned over the years and has grown today into a progressively sophisticated, sprawling, vibrant and a much aspired seat of intellectual excellence particularly in information technology and commercial flourish. It has transformed into a nerve centre of contemporaneous significance. Its population is daily on the rise, thus, registering an ever- enhancing demand for all civic amenities,” the judgement explained.The judgement, for one, pointed to how the Cauvery Tribunal “drastically reduced” Karnataka’s share of the river water on the ground that only one-third of Bengaluru falls within the river basin. The tribunal had also presumed that Bengaluru’s groundwater supply would meet 50% of its drinking water requirement.“The view of the Tribunal ignores the basic principle pertaining to drinking water and is thus unsustainable. Keeping in mind the global status the city has attained, an addition of 4.75 TMC is awarded to Karnataka,” Chief Justice Misra wrote in the judgement he authored.Karnataka had produced materials to show that Bengaluru would require a projected 30 TMC in the next 20 to 25 years. The water requirement for the urban population is 8.70 TMC.